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Colors of Revolution

Colors have entirely moved beyond their simple objective of reflecting light to create vivid sensations for our eyes so that we can identify things and associate specific meanings to them. For people, they have become an intriguing means to express thoughts and emotions more vividly. The belief in the meaning of colors has transcended along with the world's evolution so extensively that they have represented some of the most powerful ideas, movements, or incidents that have brought a sea of change amidst the reign of cultural, political, and geographic domination.


In India, colors as a symbol of change have seen an incredible journey, for they have been the source of an impact that has affected millions of people's livelihoods. Scrounging from the effects of a long and impending colonial rule that had wrecked the independence and confidence of Indians, the country needed an independent and thriving economy to sustain and reinstate the trust in the capability of its citizens. Hence, a series of "color revolutions" was launched. They will remain in the history of independent India as some of the most profound and most robust harbingers of change that marked the beginning of a significant socio-economic shift for the country.


The White Revolution


Started in India in 1970 under the behemoth leadership of Verghese Kurien, chairman of AMUL and National Dairy Development Board(NDDB), The White Revolution, also known as Operation Flood, aimed to create an unmatched and uninterrupted flow of milk. It's related goods between suppliers and consumers, ensuring that through the formation of co-operatives, milk producers are the significant earners from the income generated by end consumers. In a phase post Independence, where the shortage of milk was prevalent, Verghese Kurien, along with his friend, invented making milk powder and condensed milk, thus ending India's woes of importing milk solids high rates. Because of the White revolution, daily industries expanded and modernized. Employment was generated for local and rural women and milk suppliers, and the export of milk solids was boosted, making India one of the world's leading self-dependent milk suppliers.


The Blue Revolution


In India, the Blue Revolution indicates extensive growth in aquaculture and fisheries in the 1960s to increase fishers' income, and people indulged in aquafarming. It was launched as a part of the seventh Five Year Plan. This move has contributed to an incredible improvement in fish breeding, marketing, and export. Dr. Hiralal Chaudhuri and Dr. Arun Krishnan, two scientists in the field of marine and fisheries, are considered to be the Father of the Blue Revolution.


The Green Revolution


In 1965, India's government launched the Green Revolution with the assistance of M.S. Swaminathan, the "Father of Green Revolution." This step was a significant milestone for the agricultural industry of India. It incorporated modern tools and techniques, promoted high-yielding varieties(HYV), irrigation, mechanization, and the use of advanced chemical pesticides to keep the produce immune to external insects and rodents. The Green Revolution resulted in record growth in output by 131 million tonnes in the 1980s. Yield per unit farm area increased by 30-40%, and sustainability and self-sufficiency in agricultural farming and horticulture were preserved.


These three revolutions were the ones that created the most positive impact for India. Some other notable mentions are the Pink revolution(drugs and pharmaceuticals), the Red revolution(poultry and meat), the Yellow revolution (oilseeds), Black Power revolutions(petroleum), and the Grey revolution(fertilizers). Not only have these movements shaped the economic outlines of our country, but they have lent billions of people from different strata of society a source of sustained income, work independence, identity, and integrity. These revolutions brought color to the bleak post-independence era of our country battling with poverty and unemployment, giving a new lease of life to the country's existence on its pedestal.




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